Growing Fruit Trees

Growing Fruit

Growing your own fruit has advantages, it tastes better and you know that the fruit was not sprayed with any dangerous chemicals.

 

Many of the plants that you plant in your garden are annuals, producing flowers or fruit only once, all in the same year that they were planted.

The vast majority of fruit trees will not produce any fruit until the third year or later after planting.

  • Once they start producing fruit they will continue every year, some years better than others, for generations.
  • Some dwarf fruit trees that are container grown will produce fruit 1 to 2 seasons ahead of the earth grown trees.
  • Even if your garden is a small one you can still grow a fruit tree. Semi dwarf and dwarf fruit trees are best types for container growing.
  • Fruit trees will not only need sunlight but they need protection from the wind.
  • In order for fruit trees to bear fruit they need to be pollinated. Some of them are self-pollinating, some need pairs planted, and others must have three of a kind in order to be pollinated. Your local nursery will let you know which varieties are which.

Soil Preparation

  • You can enrich the soil with any store bought compost or you can use your own compost.
  • When selecting fruit trees always visit a nursery in order to examine it before purchasing. There will potted trees to choose from and also bare-root trees.
  • Areas in the garden that have deep soil that is rich in organic nutrients and minerals are the best places for planting any fruit tree.
  • Pear trees and apple trees prefer a soil that is slightly acidic, the stone varieties such as plum trees and cherry trees would rather have a mild alkalinity as in the inland soils.
  • Poorly drained soils that are damp will not handle fruit bearing trees very well.

A young tree that is potted will probably adapt faster to a new environment than a tree that has been potted for a long time. Once that young tree has adapted and is healthy it will most likely bear fruit quicker than an older one, even though it may take years to produce fruit. A bare-root tree is less expensive to purchase.

You can train a tree to grow into any shape or style. You can train it to grow diagonally along a fence, or just let it grow wild. Young trees will need to be staked for support after they have been planted; this procedure will keep the stem sturdy and help it to grow straight.

Pruning your fruit tree helps to train it in the direction you wish to have it grow and will encourage it to produce fruit. If you do not like to prune, the least amount that should be done is to take off any branches that are crossing each other. To grow a fruit tree horizontally, use chicken wire along the fence and carefully tie the branches with garden tape to the wire.

If you plant native plants and grasses around fruit trees you may be able to avoid harmful pests. The bees are an important part of pollination for your fruit trees; entice the bees by planting flowers or lavender bushes near the trees. The more insects your garden attracts a healthier production of fruit will be yours.